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Unexpected trapping of swimming microalgae in foam

Abstract : Massive foam formation in aquatic environments is a seasonal threat that drastically impacts the stability of marine ecosystems. Because liquid foams are known to filter passive solid particles, with large particles remaining trapped by confinement in the network of liquid channels and small particles being freely advected by the gravity-driven flow, we hypothesized that a similar e↵ect could explain the major shifts in phytoplankton populations observed during foaming episodes. The model unicellular motile algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (CR) was incorporated in a bio-compatible foam, and the number of cells escaping the foam at the bottom was measured in time. Comparing the escape dynamics of living and dead CR cells, we found that dead cells are totally advected by the liquid flow towards the bottom of the foam, as expected since the CR diameter remains smaller than the typical foam channel diameter. In contrast, living motile CR cells escape the foam at a significantly lower rate: after two hours, up to 60 % of the injected cells may remain blocked in the foam, while 95 % of the initial liquid volume in the foam has been drained out of the foam. Microscopic observation of the swimming CR cells in a chamber mimicking the cross-section of foam internal channels revealed that swimming CR cells accumulate near channels corners. A theoretical analysis based on the probability density measurements in the micro chambers have shown that this trapping at the microscopic scale contributes to explain the macroscopic retention of the microswimmers in the foam.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02446242
Contributor : Florence Elias <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 20, 2020 - 4:55:16 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 13, 2020 - 6:08:06 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 21, 2020 - 7:50:58 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02446242, version 1

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Quentin Roveillo, Julien Dervaux, Yuxuan Wang, Florence Rouyer, Drazen Zanchi, et al.. Unexpected trapping of swimming microalgae in foam. 2020. ⟨hal-02446242⟩

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