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Theses

Élasticité et tremblements du tricot

Abstract : Knits mechanical properties are fundamentally different from those of its constitutive yarn. For instance, a fabric knitted with an inextensible yarn demonstrates a surprising inclination for deformability. Like mechanical systems where geometry plays a preponderant role, such as origami, the mechanical response of knitted fabrics is governed by the pattern imposed on the yarn. In the process of knitting, the yarn is constrained to bend and to cross itself following a periodic pattern, anchoring its topology. The three factors which determine the mechanical response of a knit are the elasticity of the yarn, its topology, and friction between crossing strands. This thesis explores several phenomena that arise from the interplay of these factors. First, we focused on the elasticity of a knit. Working from experimental data, we developed a theory to decipher the mechanical response of model knits under traction, taking into account the unaltered topology, bending energy, and inextensibility of the yarn. Next, we explored fluctuations in the mechanical response of a knit. Those fluctuations originate from yarn-yarn friction, preventing free yarn redistribution in the stitch until a contact slides and triggers propagative slips. Measures of the force response and deformation fields reveal that those events follow an avalanching dynamic, including a power law distribution of their size. Finally, the impact of topology and metric on knit three-dimensional shapes, along with spontaneous configuration transitions in a knit structure, are studied.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 12, 2019 - 10:58:21 AM
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Samuel Poincloux. Élasticité et tremblements du tricot. Physique [physics]. Sorbonne Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS319⟩. ⟨tel-01939566v2⟩

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