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Interactions between chloride and cement-paste materials

Abstract : The durability of cement-based materials with respect to exterior aggressions is one of the current priorities in civil engineering. Depending on their use, the cement-based materials can be exposed to different types of aggressive environments. For instance, damages to concrete structures in contact with a saline environment (sea water on bridges, deicing salts on roads, etc.) are of utmost importance. Upon exposure to saline water, Cl À ions penetrate into the structures and subsequently lead to reinforcement corrosion. Chloride attack is often combined with other aggressive influences such as temperature (e.g., freezing) or the ingress of other ions (e.g., sulfates in sea water). We therefore aim to explore the effect of sodium chloride (NaCl) on the structural chemistry of cement paste. Existing studies about reinforcement corrosion by chloride have focused on the penetration of Cl À ions and the comparison between bfreeQ ions (water-soluble ions) and bound ones. However, little is known about the fixation mechanisms, the localization of Cl in the cement matrix and the structural interaction between Cl and the silicate and aluminate hydrate phases present in cement paste. We present here results of a multinuclear nuclear magnetic resonance study on the fixation of chloride in the hydration products and the characterization of new phases potentially appearing due to chloride ingress. D
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Fabien Barberon, Véronique Baroghel-Bouny, Hélène Zanni, Bruno Bresson, Jean-Baptiste d'Espinose de la Caillerie, et al.. Interactions between chloride and cement-paste materials. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Elsevier, 2005, 23 (2), pp.267-272. ⟨10.1016/j.mri.2004.11.021⟩. ⟨hal-02362421⟩



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