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Design and implementation of lightweight and secure cryptographic algorithms for embedded devices

Abstract : Living in an era where new devices are astonishing considering their high capabilities, new visions and terms have emerged. Moving to smart phones, Wireless Sensor Networks, high-resolution cameras, pads and much more, has mandated the need to rethink the technological strategy that is used today. Starting from social media, where apparently everything is being exposed, moving to highly powerful surveillance cameras, in addition to real time health monitoring, it can be seen that a high amount of data is being stored in the Cloud and servers. This introduced a great challenge for their storage and transmission especially in the limited resourced platforms that are characterized by: (a) limited computing capabilities, (b) limited energy and source of power and (c) open infrastructures that transmit data over wireless unreliable networks. One of the extensively studied platforms is the Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks which tends to have many limitations concerning the security field. In this dissertation, we focus on improving the security of transmitted multimedia contents in different limited platforms, while preserving a high security level. Limitations of these platforms are taken into consideration while enhancing the execution time of the secure cipher. Additionally, if the proposed cipher is to be used for images, the intrinsic voluminous and complex nature of the managed images is also taken into account. In the first part, we surveyed one of the limited platforms that is interesting for many researchers, which is the Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks. In order to pave the way for researchers to find new efficient security solutions, it is important to have one reference that can sum most of the recent works. It almost investigates every aspect in this field shedding the light over different aspects this platform possesses. Then, in order to propose any new security solution and validate its robustness and the level of randomness of the ciphered image, a simple and efficient test is proposed. This test proposes using the randomness tools, TestU01 and Practrand, in order to assure a high level of randomness. After running these tests on well known ciphers, some flaws were exposed. Proceeding to the next part, a novel proposal for enhancing the well-known ultra lightweight cipher scheme, Speck, is proposed. The main contribution of this work is to obtain a better version compared to Speck. In this proposal, 26 rounds in Speck were reduced to 7 rounds in Speck-R while enhancing the execution time by at least 50%. First, we validate that Speck-R meets the randomness tests that are previously proposed. Additionally, a dynamic substitution layer adds more security against key related attacks and highly fortifies the cipher. Speck-R was implemented on different limited arduino chips and in all cases, Speck-R was ahead of Speck. Then, in order to prove that this cipher can be used for securing images, especially in VANETS/IoV, where images can be extensively re/transmitted, several tests were exerted and results showed that Speck-R indeed possesses the high level of security desired in any trusted cipher. Extensive experiments validate our proposal from both security and performance point of views and demonstrate the robustness of the proposed scheme against the most-known types of attacks.
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Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Thursday, January 7, 2021 - 9:47:08 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 8, 2021 - 3:27:40 AM


Version validated by the jury (STAR)


  • HAL Id : tel-03101356, version 1


Lama Sleem. Design and implementation of lightweight and secure cryptographic algorithms for embedded devices. Cryptography and Security [cs.CR]. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020UBFCD018⟩. ⟨tel-03101356⟩



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