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Reassessment of Computational Tools for the Modeling of Heat Transfer in a Molten UO2 Pool in Natural Convection

Abstract : Abstract This work, performed within the European sodium fast reactor safety measures assessment and research tools (ESFR-SMART) H2020 European project, is part of a larger framework intending to reassess the modeling of heat transfer in molten pools on SCARABEE available experimental results. This paper presents simulation results of the in-pile Bain Fondu (BF1) test, performed within the SCARABEE-N program, using accident source term evaluation code (ASTEC), Sn method implicit multifiel multiphase Eulerien recriticality (SIMMER) III, and SIMMER V simulation tools as well as comparison with its available experimental data. This program was performed in the 1980s in the frame of the Safety Assessment studies of Superphenix sodium-cooled reactor. This test was dedicated to verify the stability of a pure molten UO2 pool under decay heat conditions within natural convection and the long-term resilience of the peripheral fuel crust. The pool was generated in a stainless steel crucible by a progressive heating of a fuel pellet stack through six successive power plateaus. For the benchmark purposes, only the molten pool behavior k the last power plateau, where the pool was the largest and the fuel temperatures the highest, was investigated. Experimental data such as the axial profile of radial heat fluxes and heat transfer from the pool to the surrounding interassembly coolant as well as the axial profile of the peripheral fuel crust thickness were used for the reassessment of the simulation tools. In addition, other variables of interest not measured during the test, such as the radial and axial velocities in the pool, were also benchmarked. Finally, a critical analysis of the correlations and models used in the different simulation tools for the BF1 test modeling is also provided in the paper.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 3:56:10 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 30, 2022 - 9:44:08 AM




Claude Jamond, Elena Martin Lopez, Xue-Nong Chen, Nathalie Girault, Pierre Gubernatis, et al.. Reassessment of Computational Tools for the Modeling of Heat Transfer in a Molten UO2 Pool in Natural Convection. Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, ASME, 2022, 8 (1), ⟨10.1115/1.4052489⟩. ⟨irsn-03647516⟩



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