Recycling and persistence of iodine 127 and 129 in forested environments: A modelling approach - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Science of the Total Environment Year : 2022

Recycling and persistence of iodine 127 and 129 in forested environments: A modelling approach

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Abstract

Differences in the source and behaviour of 129I compared to 127I isotopes have been described fora variety of surface environments, but little is known about the cycling rates of each isotope in terrestrial ecosystems. We developed a compartment model of the iodine cycle in a forest ecosystem, with a labile and non-labile pool to simplify the complex fate of iodine in the forest floor and soil. Simulations were performed using atmospheric 127I and 129I inputs for sites differing in climate, vegetation, and soil. In general, considering dry deposition in addition to wet deposition improved model simulations. Model results support the view that soil is the sink for atmospheric iodine deposited in forest ecosystems, while tree vegetation has little influence on long-term iodine budgets. Modelling also showed that iodine cycling reaches equilibrium after a period of about 5000 years, mainly due to a gradual incorporation of iodine into the bulk stabilised soil organic matter. At steady state, this pool of non-labile iodine in soil can retain about 20% of total deposition with a mean residence time of 900 years, while the labile iodine pool is renewed after 90 years. The proportions of modern anthropogenic 129I in each modelled pool reflect those of stable 127I at least several decades after input to the forest; this result explains why isotopic disequilibrium is common in field data analysis. Volatilisation plays a central role in regulating iodine storage in soil and, therefore, its residence time, while drainage is a minor export pathway, except at some calcareous sites. Dynamic modelling has been particularly helpful for gaining insight into the long-term response of iodine partitioning to continuous, single or even varying deposition. Our modelling study suggested that better
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irsn-03647525 , version 1 (20-04-2022)

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Yves Thiry, Taku Tanaka, Maïté Bueno, Paulina Pisarek, Marine Roulier, et al.. Recycling and persistence of iodine 127 and 129 in forested environments: A modelling approach. Science of the Total Environment, 2022, 831, pp.154901. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154901⟩. ⟨irsn-03647525⟩
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