Impact of the redox environment on propagation of radiation bystander effects: The modulating effect of oxidative metabolism and oxygen partial pressure - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis Year : 2022

Impact of the redox environment on propagation of radiation bystander effects: The modulating effect of oxidative metabolism and oxygen partial pressure

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Abstract

Redox modulated pathways play important roles in out-of-field effects of ionizing radiation. We investigated how the redox environment impacts the magnitude of propagation of stressful effects from irradiated to bystander cells. Normal human fibroblasts that have incorporated [3H]-thymidine were intimately co-cultured with bystander cells in a strategy that allowed isolation of bystander cells with high purity. The antioxidant glutathione peroxidase (GPX) was maintained either at wild-type conditions or overexpressed in the bystanders. Following 24 h of coculture, levels of stress-responsive p21Waf1, p-Hdm2, and connexin43 proteins were increased in bystander cells expressing wild-type GPX relative to respective controls. These levels were significantly attenuated when GPX was ectopically overexpressed, demonstrating by direct approach the involvement of a regulator of intracellular redox homeostasis. Evidence of participation of pro-oxidant compounds was generated by exposing confluent cell cultures to low fluences of 3.7 MeV α particles in presence or absence of t-butyl hydroperoxide. By 3 h post-exposure to fluences wherein only ∼2% of cells are traversed through the nucleus by a particle track, increases in chromosomal damage were greater than expected in absence of the drug (p < 0.001) and further enhanced in its presence (p < 0.05). While maintenance and irradiation of cell cultures at low oxygen pressure (pO2 3.8 mm Hg) to mimic in vivo still supported the participation of bystander cells in responses assessed by chromosomal damage and stress-responsive protein levels (p < 0.001), the effects were attenuated compared to ambient pO2 (155 mm Hg) (p < 0.05). Together, the results show that bystander effects are attenuated at below ambient pO2 and when metabolic oxidative stress is reduced but increased when the basal redox environment tilts towards oxidizing conditions. They are consistent with bystander effects being independent of radiation dose rate.
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irsn-03889132 , version 1 (07-12-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives - CC BY 4.0

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Géraldine Gonon, Sonia M de Toledo, Venkatachalam Perumal, Jean-Paul Jay-Gerin, Edouard I Azzam. Impact of the redox environment on propagation of radiation bystander effects: The modulating effect of oxidative metabolism and oxygen partial pressure. Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, 2022, 883-884, pp.503559. ⟨10.1016/j.mrgentox.2022.503559⟩. ⟨irsn-03889132⟩
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