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Article Dans Une Revue Fire and Materials Année : 2022

Experimental investigation of the effects of a sidewall and cable arrangement on a horizontal cable tray fire in an open atmosphere

Hugues Pretrel
Pascal Zavaleta
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Sylvain Suard
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Résumé

The work deals with the influence of a sidewall and cable arrangement on the behavior of a fire involving horizontal cable trays in the framework of fire safety assessments in nuclear installations. The analysis is based on large-scale fire tests performed in open atmosphere in the frame of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) PRISME 3 project and on the corresponding simulations applying the FLASHCAT model for predicting the fire heat release rate. The fire configuration consists in five horizontal trays filled with PVC insulated power cables. The parameters investigated are the presence or absence of a sidewall and the cable arrangement (loose or tight bundles). The results show that the presence of a sidewall increases the fire HRR in comparison to a scenario without a sidewall. This effect is due to the increase of the flame spread velocity on the lower trays. Regarding cable arrangement, a tight configuration in bundles reduces the fire HRR in comparison to a scenario with a loose arrangement. This result is due to the reduction of the fire heat release rate per unit of area (HRRPUA) as well as the flame spread velocity. The performance of the FLASHCAT model in predicting the effects of the sidewall and the cable arrangement was also assessed on the basis of the fire tests and satisfactory agreements are reported. The presented analysis demonstrates that the fire scenario with horizontal cable trays against a sidewall and with a loose cable arrangement represents a conservative scenario for fire risk assessment. In addition, on the basis of these experiments, the effect of cable arrangement is more substantial than the sidewall effect.
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irsn-03967147 , version 1 (01-02-2023)

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Hugues Pretrel, Pascal Zavaleta, Sylvain Suard. Experimental investigation of the effects of a sidewall and cable arrangement on a horizontal cable tray fire in an open atmosphere. Fire and Materials, 2022, ⟨10.1002/fam.3114⟩. ⟨irsn-03967147⟩

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